HIDDEN BITS OF HISTORY - PAGE TWO
At Gordonvale around 1910, a second bronze coin was dug up. It was later identified as a Greek coin minted during the reign of Pyerhus of Epicis 28 BC.
Rex Gilroy in 1978 identified ancient Masonic Egyptian symbols among aboriginal cave art only * miles from the 1910 Ptolomy IV coin discovery site.
Ptolomy IV bronze coin.
A Ptolomy IV bronze coin was unearthed by the late Mr.Andrew Henderson near Barron Falls in 1910. The coin measures about 40mm (1.5 inches) in diameter and is about 7mm (1/4 inch) thick. The coin was positively identified as Egyptian having been minted in Barce in Cyrenaica during the reign of Pharoah Ptolomy IV, who ruled from 221 BC to 204 BC on one side is the head of the horned Zeus of Omon (or Ptolemy the fourth - conflicting info); on the other side is an eagle riding a thunderbolt, a Ptolemaic insignia. At the time Andy Henderson found the coin at a depth of 2 feet he was sinking a fence line across an ancient aboriginal trail.
In 1960, an engineer Mr W. Johnstone came upon a slab of marble. When he cleaned the moss from the face, he exposed symbols cut into the face. To his astonishment the symbols were very similar to Egyptian signs. One British museum identified the writing as possibly Phoenician.
At Trinity Bay near Gordonvale, south of Cairns, you can catch a paddle steamer tour and on the flats is a 30 ft pyramid reportably with a crystal in the middle of it.
Near *, an obelisk - stone with pyramidal apex - was found in scrub in 1978.
At Cooktown in 1969, 2 gold coins of the Ptolomy period about 200 BC were found.
North of Cooktown strange Aboriginal carvings have been found depicting ships not European, bearing the Aten, symbol of the Egyptian Sun God.
There exists an ironstone slab found by a man out from ***** years ago which bears a Phoenecian inscription - "The Eye of Ra the sun rules Sinim."
Sinim was the ancient Hebrew name for a mysterious southern continent, mentioned in the Old Testament. The Phoenician name for it was Ophir, a "great south land of gold" where gold was obtained to build Soloman’s temple. The Egyptians called it "the land of Punt."
Broken Egyptian pottery featuring a winged griffen motif was dug up in *** by Jim.
West of *** in mountainous country megalithic stone blocks have been found.
At *** in a cave, papyrus plant paintings & carvings with Phoenician lettering have been found. The Ancient Egyptians used papyrus to make parchment. Papyrus & lotus plants native of Egypt are found growing on Cape York.
At *** an Egyptian sundisc was discovered in 1950 carved into a cliff. The carving featured the outline of a chariot, showing one of its wheels.
In the Atherton district, a small pyramid structure built out of cut stone blocks has been found in an uninhabited jungle region.
Pigmies have been photographed as late as 1930 in the Atherton region
Torres Strait Islanders once mummified their dead with methods identical to those employed by the Egyptians 2900 years ago during 21st dynasty. An eminent old medical man suggests this practice must have been brought there between 1090 BC and 945 BC which were the years it existed in Egypt.
copyright Awareness Quest 1996-1998
An extensive series of large engraved symbols found recently by a young grazier Mr. Ron Muller in the * are said to resemble Egyptian Script or some form of archaic Mediterranean script.
Also at * strange symbols found almost 40 years ago, may resemble ancient Phoenician script. Similar rock carvings have been found north of Brisbane and also in NSW.
At the mouth of the Glenely River (SA), there are human figures resembling Phoenician seafarers garbed in clothing which includes a peculiar cap worn by these people in biblical times.
Rex Gilroy found a similar carving near *, Qld, in 1977 during a search for a mystery wall built of large carved stone blocks hidden in dense forest country. Also ancient settlement sites are being looked for.
On an island off the North Queensland coast several human heads carved from large rocks have been found.
The inhabitants of ***, are adamant that the Spanish explorer De Quiros? Discovered Australia. Before workmen excavated the rock to construct the harbour breakwater earlier this century, carved inscriptions existed on a cliff at Auckland point. Local lore has it that the inscriptions were Spanish names including De Quuros within a circle and beneath the date 1606. The inscriptions suggested that a ceremony was held atop Auckland Point by De Quiros in which he claimed this land for ‘Holy Spain’.
During the 1920s, bushwalkers in far north Qld, found a stone Peruvian Idol, decorated in old Castillian jewellery.
On Prince of Wales Island, close to Thursday Island and 60km west of Cape York, Qld, a man investigating a cave found a huge rusty broadsword bearing finely engraved ancient Castillian designs and was found beside a crumbling human skeleton. Nearby was a gold goblet.
A Spanish Galleon was found on North Stradbroke Island in 1892 and rediscovered in 1922 and now lost again.
In 1965 at * (Qld) a cache of hand forged Egyptian bronze, copper and iron tools plus pottery and coins dating back more than 2000 years were found.
In 1966 *** was credited with an Egyptian calendar stone, gold scarabs, gold coins & other materials dating from about 2780 BC.
A large ironstone slab is in Rex Gilroys museum at Tamworth NSW. It was ploughed up by a Rockhampton area farmer some years ago. It bears a Phoenician inscription that reads: "Ships sail from this land under the protection of Yahweh to Dan."
At *, near Bowen carvings were found on rocks which looked like Egyptian heiroglyphs.
Spanish relics are supposed to be protected by a hex in "The Cave of the Ancients" in a hill on *
Stone spheres found in a boomerang formation near Littlemore (CQ). The smallest being about 450mm round (18 inches) & the largest being about 1400mm round (4 foot). They were taken away by the Brisbane University or Museum by train.
At the reservoir near Mount Isa (NQ) is a stone formation.
In the 1930’s an old crumbling human skeleton was found in a sandstone crevice in a deep rock shelter hidden in the mountains behind Mackay. It was clothed in a morrion helmet and breastplate. Also in the 1930s two other skeletons clothed in Spanish armour were found preserved in a cave behind Cooktown. Old Spanish coins continue to be washed up on the Cooktown shore, maybe from a Spanish vessel wrecked off shore.
NEW SOUTH WALES
On the Hawkesbury River near Sydney is an ancient Aboriginal rock carving depicting a ship reminiscent of a Phoenician Tirane - the type of vessels sailed by the Phoenicians & Egyptians from the Red Sea coast into S.E. Asian waters in search of trade & minerals, centuries before the first European explorers put to sea.
Similar rock carvings by Aborigines have been found in the Kimberley’s, Arnhem land and Cape York.
A scarab beetle carved from onyx was dug up near the Neapean River outside Penrith (NSW). Also at Penrith a 50 foot stepped pyramid exists.
West of the Blue Mountains (NSW) a similar ‘stepped pyramid’ to the Gympie example exists. Although constructed of huge granite blocks stands about 100 feet tall.
Another crudely built pyramid structure at least twice the height and dimensions of the Gympie example has been found near the NSW Central Coast by Rex Gilroy.
At Bathurst, (NSW) fossilised skulls identified as being of two distinct late Java man types unrelated to the Aborigine.
An earlier cranium from Katoomba is believed to be as much as 500 000 years old.
Source: The Gympie Times date unknown
In Central NSW extensive megalithic stone alignments and other astronomical structures dating back 10 000 to 15 000 years and which suggests the former presence in Australia of a highly advanced civilisation of unknown origin. These structures include standing stones weighing 20 tons and carved stone heads.
In Western NSW 3 large human heads have been found carved out of granite boulders. The heads were found near mysterious stone alignment and other formations.
Giant stone-age man stone artefacts (implements) have been found in Central Western NSW Southern & far Northern Qld. These implements consist of hand axes, clubs, pounders, adzes, knives & other tools often ranging in weight from 8 to 36 lbs or more. These artefacts are in fact identical to those used by meganthropus the giant Java man who inhabited SE Asia over a million years ago, Meganthropus stood 12 feet tall & weighed several hundred pounds.
Near Bathurst a lower back molar tooth has been identified as being Meganthropus.
Also at the same site a 25lb hand axe was found.
In the central NSW late last century a cult was recorded among the aboriginals who worshipped a sky being called ‘Biame’. The soul judging functions of ‘Biame’ were parallel to those ‘Thoth’ who in Egyptian mythology conducted the spirits to Osiris, The god of the Dead, for judgement.
At Ulladulla (NSW) many years ago in a 2000 year old shell layer an ancient Chinese stone head depicting a goddess was found.
Wollongong apparently is notable for the wreckage of an ancient wooden ship similar to 2 found in swampland near Perth, and believed to be Egyptian.
At * * * we are told there are ruins of 20 apparently stone dwellings with 2 paved pathways one set leading inland to a water catchment and the other down to a 50 foot stone wharf.
Newcastle also has reports of more stone dwellings along with earthenware pottery fragments, old copper coins and a broken bronze sword.
Photo: Rex Gilroy
In the Hawkesbury River area a number of relics have been found over the years. These include 2 large carved stone heads dug up near Richmond which are identical to examples of the sun god ‘mithras’ and earth mother goddess ‘Demeter’. Phoenician deities worshipped over 2800 or more years ago.
Also a small black stone bearing Phoenician letters spelling a name ‘thuffi’ which was dug up by workmen 18 feet below the surface in the same area.
From the Hawkesbury River, a carved stone head of the Phoenician sun god ‘mithras’ which the Phoenicians borrowed from the Persians around 3000 years ago.
puny secrets need protection.
An Egyptian scarab was unearthed near Lapstone Gorge on the Neapean River, south of Richmond several years ago.
Also near the Lapstone Gorge the 1969 discovery of a small metal blade. Identified as a 2500 year old Egyptian axe. It was unearthed by railway workmen digging a six foot trench above the gorge. It was identified as a type used by middle eastern shipbuilders.
Source: Mark Griffiths
At Gosford, between Sydney & Newcastle on the Hawkesbury River, there are Egyptian hieroglyphics inscribed in a sandstone rock face. There are two rock walls facing each other, of petroglyphs - like a hallway. One side with the story of why they were here and on the facing wall funeral notices.
Nearby, beside the Hawkesbury River, very old aboriginal rock art depicts strange visitors to our continent, including people looking like Egyptians.
An aboriginal tradition of the Tweed River (QLD) Tribes tells of strange men in stone garments attempting to mine the Mount Warning area many generations before the British.
A farmer dug up and old morrion helmet at Kunghur, 15km north of Nimbin.
Skin-divers claimed years ago to have retreived a number of 16th-century Spanish coins and other relics from the remains of an old wooden shipwreck off Tweed Heads (NSW).
From a shipwreck at Suffolk Park about 5km south of Byron Bay, two wooden pegs were recently dated (1993) at between 1437 and 1651 (or 1450-1500). The shipwreck uncovered by sandmining in 1965 but now buried under 4m to 10m of sand. In the 1950s people could still recall the remains of three masts protruding 3m from the sand at an angle of 45 degrees. Sandmining opperations later buldozed the masts out of the way. Much earlier residents could recall portions of the hull protruding above the sand. In 1965 workmen unearthed a long wooden rudder. Sandminers involved in the discovery of the rudder in 1965, say it the ship was 4.2 m (14 feet) in length, while others say it was 12.2m (40 feet). To some experts, the size of the rudder suggests it could have been 51 and 75 metres (170 to 250 feet) long.
It is suspected to be Portuguese. Aboriginal legends tell of a massacre of sailors in revenge for rapes.
A shipwreck found in 1965 at Suffolk Park just south of Byron Bay (or is it north of Brunswick Heads, like Ocean Shores?). The rudder had been plated with metal.
Aboriginal tales of apparent Spanish visitors still exist in the Grafton-Clarence River district (NSW). For Generations they have believed that a huge canoe with sails ventured up the river from the coast bearing many white skinned ‘culture-heroes’ in garments of stone.(armour?)
In 1970 Rex Gilroy discovered Latin type doodlings on a rock near Wollongong (NSW). These doodles were a form of Latin shorthand used during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.
At * in 1953 a resident recovered a 16th century Spanish rapui with a silver embossed hilt from an old aboriginal shell midden.
South of * sheltered amid dense scrub in a small inlet are the remains of what appears to be a stone fort. A badly weathered date 1524 is engraved into a stone forming part of the wall.
The remains of an old Spanish breastplate are said to have been dug up nearby many years ago.
Near * are old Aboriginal rock engravings which depict several human figures bearing outlines of boots, trousers with spiked knees, spiked elbows and barrel shaped chests carrying wallabies-apparently a hunting party.
In 1912 Lawrence Hargraves discovered carvings on the foreshores of Botany Bay. The carvings depict letterings and 2 outlines of a Carrick, a vessel steered by a sweep, like an ancient Greek trireme. It resembled the ‘santa maria’ in which Columbus sailed to America in 1492. The letterings in capitals beside the ship were BALN. On one line and beneath ZAIH. The letter W was beside the symbol of a cross with and elongated circle. The symbol of intended conquest by Spain. It was emblazoned on the sails of the Spanish Armada and the ships of the Conquistadors. Hargrave translated the Spanish Latin doodles to read "We in the Santa Barbara and Santa Isobel conquered W from point to point by the sign of the cross. AIH could have been the rock signatures of witnesses to the declaration. In the same area, Hargraves also examined 2 stout rings bolts leaded into solid rock near the waters edge, far enough apart to hold ropes attached to the mast of a small ship. Nearby was an ancient excavation that could have been a dam.
Historians speculate whether the Santa Barbara and Santa Isobel were the same 2 ships of those names which were lost from Alvaro de Mendana’s second pacific expedition to Australia in 1595 to establish a colony. On this 2nd expedition while passing through the Ellis Islands, ships of these names were separated in bad weather and were never seen again.
Last century an avenue of ancient large leaf fig trees (native only to southern Europe) were found at Mascot. They could have lined a long vanished road leading to an official residence.
In the same area, near the old Sydney water supply stands a cork tree (also native to southern Europe). It and the fig trees pre-date the arrival of Capt.Cook.
Near the mount of the Georges River at Botany Bay a rock bearing further Spanish Latin doodles inscriptions were found.
About 1968 an old Spanish helmet was dug up near the river at East Hills.
In 1968 workmen digging a deep trench for a pipeline at Macquarie fields, south of Liverpool, unearthed at a depth of 3 m a dozen Spanish doubloons of the de mendonca-deQuiros period.
In 1969, 8 miles from Sydney, at Gladesville Bridge area, yielded hand forged fragments of iron pottery inscribed with symbols and representations of ancient deities, probably Egyptian.
At * and * (Sydney, NSW) gold coins & jewellery have been found.
At Campbelltown (NSW) there is reported to be an Egyptian deity cut into a Cliff base.
At Goulburn (NSW) and Egyptian silver coin has been unearthed.
At * quite some time ago in a sand dune were found a well preserved hand made silver necklace and a bronze armband.
Source: Lost Cities of Lemuria & The Pacific by DavidChildress
An Amber-glass obelisk-shaped pin, inscribed with Egyptian characters found in a field at *** by John Whitehouse in 1983. It is said to be 5000 years old.
In 1847 a bunch of ancient rusty keys were found at Lineburnus Point, Coria Bay (Vic) by a workman digging a hole for shells to make lime. The keys were found at a depth of 4.5m (15 foot) and 12m from the shoreline. The keys were described as being of medieval design and are possably associated with de Mendonca.
De Mendoncas map stops abruptly at Portland (Vic) possibly because of shipwreck..
Off Gabo Island (VIC), a fisherman’s net brought up a 16th century Spanish wine jar. Skindivers claim a Spanish galleon lies nearby.
At the mouth of the Glenely River (SA), there are human figures resembling Phoenician seafarers garbed in clothing which includes a peculiar cap worn by these people in biblical times.
Rex Gilroy found a similar carving near Murgon, Qld, in 1977
Source: Len Beadell
A stonehenge-style stone monument was discovered by Len Beadell on The Nullabor Plain in 1953 while surveying for atomic tests.
Photo: The Gympie Times date unknown
A mysterious rock inscription found by a farmer in 1931 on his property 50 miles west of Adelaide. The carvings were identified as Phoenician by French Archaeologists and reads: "Men of the Pharaoh of the city of Sais. Ot of Kish." It is believed they could be a link with the lost expedition of Admiral Ot sent in search of Australia by pharoah Psammetichus in 663 BC. Psammetichus, who, following the expulsion of the Assyrian invaders from Egypt moved his Government to Saia; a Nile Delta town and established the 26th Dynasty which lasted from 663 to 525 BC. Kish was an ancient Babylonian town on the Euphrates and was the birthplace of Ot, perhaps the greatest Babylonian mariner of the day.
Source: The Flinders Ranges & Outback S.A. Regional Tourist Assoc. Photo by Marc Fallander
Grid Point 44, the Wilpena Pound (S.A.) area, including Red Canyon and Chambers Gorge are the sites of 40-60,000 year old petroglyphs.
Perth (WA) hinterland, where 1975 selsmic readings indicated a 167 metre high pyramid 5 kilometres underground.
Aboriginal tribes of the NW Kimberley’s still worship a mother-goddess identical to that once worshipped by Gympie district tribes and which resembles that of ancient middle east peoples. Kimberley tribes also include some groups bearing apparent middle east racial features and speak many ancient Egyptian words in their language.
In 1931 in the N.W. Kimberley’s, Prof. A. P. Elkin, Professor of Anthropology at Sydney University came upon a tribe of Aborigines who had not met a white man before. The professor was astounded when tribal elders greeted him with Ancient Secret masonic hand signs. He was struck by the startling sematic features present in the natives. He discovered the Aborigines worshipped the sun. They also had an earth mother & Rainbow Serpent Cult. Later he discovered many of the words spoken were of Egyptian origin. This is the area of the famous Wandjina Cave Art. According to legend the Wanjina came from across the Indian Ocean in great vessels.
Tjuringa Stone. Australasian Post 24/12/81
Tjuringa (sacred) stones of the Kimberley region often include a sun symbol identical to that of the Aten. The solar deity worshipped in Egypt around 1000 BC. In Atonist art, the Sun was depicted as having little "hands" that reached out to touch mankind.
Noted Perth skindiver, Allan Robinson believes he has discovered the remains of an ancient Phoenician tireme off nearby King Sound (WA, Kimberleys, near Derby), where an old prospector earlier dug up a 2700 year old Phoenician inscribed bronze plate.
Other miners claim to have found ancient open cut copper mines in the Kimberley coastal area, where
fragments of Palestinian & other pottery have been unearthed.
Similar mines believed to have been dug by Libyans around 2,200 years ago have been located in West Iran, nearby ancient rock inscriptions.
Egyptian heiroglyphs found carved on a 3 - 4ft long stone. Taken away by WA museum and stored in basement
The Olgas, where heiroglyphs are on rock formations.
Palm Creek, where heiroglyphs are on rock formations.
At a rock hole west of Alice Springs
Egyptian artefacts which feature another scarab found near The Daly River (N.T.) in 1960.
Arnhem land & Torres Strait peoples mummified their dead. On Darnley Island in Torres Strait, natives mummified their dead by removing their stomach contents. Then extracted the brains by making an incision through the nostrils with a bone instrument. After inserting artificial eyes of pearl shell, they embalmed the corpse and rowed it 2 miles westward out to sea in a canoe shaped like the ‘Boat of Ra’ of the Egyptians, for internment on an island of the dead. As if to imitate the Egyptians who ferried their dead across the Nile to the West bank tombs.
The natives of Arnhem Land also believed the soul was conducted to the after life in a canoe rowed by ‘Willuwait’ he boatman of the dead. If the deceased had led a good life he was allowed to enter Purelko, the afterworld. If not, he was eaten by a crocodile.(note statues found @ Gympie). This belief is identical to the teachings of the Osirian religion of Egypt where Thoth conducted the spirits of the dead into the presence of Osiris for judgement. Here if the souls sins were outweighed by a feather, the body was devoured by the crocodile God ‘Ba".
In 1875 the Shevert expedition retrieved a mummified corpse and an example of the canoe used in funerary rites from Darnley Island. World renowned medical scientist Sir Raphael Cilento who examined the corpse stated the incisions and method of embalming to be the same as those employed in Egypt during the 21st to 23rd dynasties over 2900 years ago.
Reproduced from: GODS DEMONS AND UFO’S by Eric Norman. Lancer books New York
"Australia’s Secret City: Burrungu is the ‘city of taboos’ which the Australian aborigines claim is hidden in the remote hinterlands of northern Australia. Orthodox archaeology informs us that civilisation did not arrive in Australia until the Portuguese landed there in 1601.
Yet, according to the Australian Weekend News, three white men who have visited the ruins of this alleged sity reported ruined walls, stone houses, wide courtyards, and stately arches that look down upon statues set along tree-shaded streets.
Legends of the aborigines tell of white men living in the city many thousands of years ago. "They were so tall they needed very big buildings," the natives claimed. "The city is taboo. It was once a place of much activity."
Could this have been a prehistoric outpost in the boondocks of Australia for some race of aliens from other worlds? The thinly populated continent would have been perfect for such a base."
In NE New Guinea, 5 pyramidal structures identical to the Gympie Structure have been found.
Larry Cooper of Hervey Bay discovered a pyramid on Magnetic Island. He also claims a sphinx is nearby.
Another example of a pyramid exists NW of Sydney, 2 in N.Z. and 1 on a far North Qld Island.
On New Hanover Island, off the tip of New Ireland in 1964, an administration medical officer, Mr. Ray Sheridan discovered what appears to be the remains of an ancient sun-worshippers temple of Egyptian style. Among the monolithic stone blocks there was an idol, facing the rising sun with features half human, half bird it stood 6 feet tall and weighed four tons. Thereabouts Ray Sheridan found the carving of a wheel complete with hub. The ruins reminded him of ancient Sun-worship temples he had seen in Egypt during WWII.
Near the Fly River in New Guinea, a 2000 year old Egyptian pot was dug up by some years ago. During the 1930’s Prof. Sir Grafton Elliot Smith of Manchester University Anthropology dept. Claimed their was an Egyptian influence in much of the New Guinea native culture and that it dated back at least 2000 years.
British museum scientists discovered that from 1000 BC onwards eucalyptus resin was employed in the embalming of the dead in Egypt. Eucalyptus was only found in Australia and New Guinea at that time. The tomb of a woman was uncovered in Feb 1964 in the Jordan Valley using Euc. Resin. Boomerangs ave been found in the tombs of Egyptian kings and queens. They were introduced around 100 BC
At Warnambool the ‘Mahogany Ship’ was discovered in 1836 by 3 sealers Gibbs, Smith & Wilson 300 yards inland. Its location is now lost.
In 1848 a local woman Mrs. T? Manifold described the ship in detail. Instead of familiar planks, it had wooden panels, which is how caravels were constructed. Caravels were the type of ship used by Columbus & other Spanish & Portuguese sailers in 1500 & 1600’s.
TYPES OF SHIPS:
Barca: A partly covered Portuguese ship of about 25 tons. It had one large mast with a square sail and a small mast which could be rigged if needed. Would carry a crew of 14 men.
Barinel: Portuguese ship which had sails and oars. Larger and longer than a barca. It needed a large crew.
Caravel: First used in the mid-1400’s by both the Spanish and Portuguese. They were ships of at least 50 tons, having three masts with lateen sails, and castle aft. Later, as voyages became longer, the size was increased to 150-200 tons and another mast was added.
A Canon embossed with the Portuguese rose and crown of fifteenth or sixteenth Century design was found on an island in Broome Harbour in 1916.
Booby Island has badly faded paintings on it and one of them is of a boat with a keel.
In 1931 Australian Anthropologist, Sir Grafton Elliot-Smith examined mummified remains in a New Zealand cave. He identified the skull as being that of an ancient Egyptian at least 2000 years old. A gold scarab was also dug up in the district on another occasion. His papers seen to have mysteriously disapeared from The Australian Acadamy of Science Library in Canberra.
Prof. Barry Fell of Harvard University maintains that Egyptian voyages into the Pacific touched upon New Zealand during the ptolemaic period around 238 BC
Maps and References to Australia
An interesting fact is that Australian Wattle grows profusely in the south of Portugal. The Portuguese believe their explorers brought the seeds back with them.
The Dauphin Chart (1530-1536)
It was found in France but was supposed to have come from Portugal and had Portuguese names on it. Sir Joseph Banks was reputed to have a copy of the Dauphin Chart with him on his voyage with Cook.
In West Iran, archaeologists have discovered the remains of earthworks and irrigation channels & other structures extending for 50 miles suggesting an extensive colony. The amount of Phoenician and other relics being dug up there suggest the colony existed around 3000 years ago. The approx. time of the Gympie Egyptian - Phoenician colony.
A Portuguese map showing Port Phillip Bay (VIC) was made by Cristavio de Mendonca in 1522.
Australia’s West Coast was explored by another Portuguese, Gomez de Sequeiro in 1525. These 2 maps were put together by Portuguese map makers. They were later copies by Dieppe map makers. ?The Dieppe maps show a great Portuguese influence. The Dieppe cartographers published their map in 1536. A copy was given to King Henry VIII of England.
A Copy of this Dauphin map as it was known was given by the British Admiralty to Joseph Banks on his voyage with Captain Cook in 1770. This could explain why Capt. Cook sent his men to look for a safe harbour, the only one for 1000 km at Cooktown, to the NW of where he was wrecked rather than straight to the coast. Cooktown harbour is shown on the Mendonca’s map. De mendonca’s map charts the northern and eastern coastline right down to Victoria.
In 481 BC Confucius had recorded eclipses in Australia on April 7 592 BC and August 11 553 BC indicating that China knew of Australia’s existence.
In a Taiwan museum there is a map believed to be 2.000 years old, which shows the southern coastline of New Guinea, the East Coast of Australia as far as Victoria and the Northern Coast of Tasmania.
A 2000 year old Chinese vase unearthed in Hong Kong in 1961 had engraved upon it a crude map of the Australian East Coast.
The ancient Chinese book ‘The classics fo Shan Hai’ written around 338 BC mentions a great southern continent inhabited by fierce black people who used a strange weapon which we now know to have been the boomerang.
Picture: The extensive cliffside Aboriginal petroglyphic carvings on the northwest coast of Tasmania constitute the oldest and largest prehistoric art site in the world. and until 1930 was covered with consilidated sand dunes for approximately 10,000 years. (thanks Kaye)
Japanese history books teach that their sailors made voyages early in the fifteenth century down the east coast of Australia, even to Tasmania. They assert that they left behind carved memorial stones to record their visits.
A Ming dynasty statue of the ‘god of long life Shou Hao’ found in Darwin in 1870 suggests Chinese Sailors visited Australia in the fifteenth Century. The Ming Dynasty ruled in China from 1368-1644.
Arabian maps made in 820 AD and 934 AD clearly show Western Australia, the Northern Territory, the gulf of Carpentaria and Cape York Peninsula.
The original Toscanelli map of 1474 in the Florence public library clearly shows the Murray, Darling & McIntyre Rivers, the Channel Country south of Goondiwindi, the Diamantina & Gilbert Rivers flowing into the Gulf of Carpentaria as well as Cape York & many features of our East Coast.
Cornelious De Joads world atlas specalein Orbus Terrae printed in Flanders in 1578 shows on the cover: a lion-Africa, Camel-Asia, Horse-Europe and a Kangaroo with 2 joeys representing Australia.
1.The mitochondrial DNA of natives of Australia was compared with that of Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Phillipines, Taiwan, China and six Indian populations. One conclusion is that a large number of people visited Australia from India circa 1400BC (95% confidence interval 3100BC to 300AD). What is really startling is that most if not all Aboriginal Australians are descended from those visitors.
(Source: Alan J Redd & Mark Stoneking (1999) "Peopling of Sahul: mtDNA variation in Aboriginal Australian and Papua New Guinean populations", American Journal of Human Genetics Vol. 65, pp. 808-828.)
2. The French sailor De Gonneville is stated to have landed on the western coast of Australia in 1503. In 1503AD, the French navigator, Binot Paulmyer, blown off course in the Indian Ocean, may have landed on Australia.
3. Marco Polo (c1280) described Java Major as the largest island in the world. This suggests that, by 1280AD, Australia had been circumnavigated. The confusion of Australia and Java suggests that Java claimed sovereignty over Australia. Marco's confusion of Java with Australia continued to lead people astray for more than 300 years.
4. Ludovico Barthema's account of his travels ranges over a period of five years, from 1503 to 1508. He chartered a local vessel to take him to Java and among the information from the captain [which also mentioned local Christians, the magnetic compass and the local design of maps] is:
"He also told us that on the other side of the said island [Java], towards the south, there are some other races, who navigate by the said four or five stars opposite to ours [the Southern Cross]; and, moreover, gave us to understand that beyond the said island the day does not last more than four hours, and that there it was colder than in any other part of the world."
The point where the shortest day would only last four hours would be 15 degrees south of the southern point of Tasmania.
Source: George Collingridge 'The Discovery of Australia', Golden Press Facsimile Edition, Gladesville NSW, 1983
5. The Baiini came to the coast before the Macassans in 'lolperu' or sailing ships. They came as families, men women and children, and built on the shores of Arnhem Land houses made of stone and ironbark. The women were beautiful, with lighter skin than the Aboriginals, and wore coloured sarongs of many patterns as they went about their daily work. They planted rice in both Warramiri country and Gumaidj country. The womenfolk were often weaving at their looms which they brought with them in their sailing ships. Their cloths were woven with yarn dyed in large pots with beautiful colours. The old Baiini name for this cloth was 'jalajal', while the Macassans called it 'liba'. The Europeans call it 'dumala'. The design, which was used in many combinations and variations, was called 'darabu' and comprised a pattern of coloured triangles.
The Baiini women are spoken of in many Yirritja songs, planting rice, cooking, weaving, dyeing, fishing, making armbands and necklets, stitching the sails for their boats and caring for their families. The men fished and hunted with harpoons and traps and Aboriginals do today, but are not remembered as well as the womenfolk.
Traces of the Baiini remain along the coast of north-eastern Arnhem Land and the islands near by, from Blue Mud Bay to Elcho Island. At Guramura in Arnhem Bay are the remains of a large Baiini settlement, later superimposed by Macassans and Japanese, where gardens were planted with rice.
Source: Australian Dreaming - 40,000 years of Aboriginal History by Jennifer Isaacs, Lansdowne Press, 1980.
6. There are two trees involved in an intriguing exhibit at the Wentworth museum, one within the other. The larger trunk is a huge Redgum with girth just on fifteen feet from a tree on the junction of the Darling and Murray Rivers sawn off by the NSW Forrestry Commission on February 3 1971. From the growth rings the Forrestry Commission experts assess the tree as having been at least two hundred years old at the time it was felled.
This giant redgum did not stand alone. It grew around the stump of a much earlier and older tree. This smaller tree originally sprouted two trunks almost from ground level, each with a diameter of approximately ten inches. And the puzzling feature of these two smaller stumps is that they were felled by an axe. The axe cuts are quite clear, even after this great span of time.
Neither Aborigines nor Maoris posessed axes of the kind needed.
Source: Bill Hornadge "The hidden history of Australia" ETT Imprint, Sydney, 1997.
7. In the same area (the junction of the Darling and Murray Rivers) New Zealand greenstones were found in the area by earlier settlers.
Source: Bill Hornadge "The hidden history of Australia" ETT Imprint, Sydney, 1997.
Thanks to Dr David Paterson. David.Paterson@dbce.csiro.au for the above 7 points.
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